Rubberized asphalt: a solution for rubber pollution
The production of a tire includes large engineering processes; for its preparation it needs a large amount of chemical elements, rubber, oil, among others materials are required. The first thing that is done is to mix all the components in special machines that provide great heat and pressure to achieve the black compound.
Subsequently, they are cooled and taken to other machines that have bands where the material is cut to form sheets; then, it is taken to another machine where the synthetic rubber layer is applied, the textile and steel cables are placed. Depending on the tire that is going to be made, it is the internal layers that the tire will have. At the end, the last layer is added, which is the one with the drawings and will be in constant contact with the ground, and the tire is sent to cooking to obtain the final product.
The design is very important since it will depend on which car, climate or terrain it is advisable to use this type of tire. It seems a quick and simple process, but this process involves the use of a large amount of chemical materials, fuel and non-renewable resources to make possible the creation of the final product.
This process is repeated millions of times to create the various types of tires that exist; and with the same rapidity with which they are produced they are discarded. In the United States alone, one tire per inhabitant is thrown away every year; this means that each year more than 300 million tires are discarded only in the USA, if we add the tires of the world we will begin to be aware of why this problem has become one of the main environmental problems worldwide.
The problem of pollution caused by the tires we are living is due to the fact that a large part of this waste is not controlled, another large part is thrown into landfills and a small part is recycled. In developed countries such as the USA, France and Germany it has been possible to recycle a greater number of tires, but in most countries it is very common to see landfills full of tires, tires burning outdoors or even oceans full of tires at the bottom.
An example of the problem of leaving tires in landfills is the danger that they will catch fire as happened in Spain or Mexico; when the tires burn, they emit a large quantity of toxic gases that affect the health of all living beings in the region; besides emitting a large quantity of CO2, which is one of the main gases that cause the greenhouse effect, promoting global warming and climate change.
To prevent the large number of forgotten tires from growing in the landfills, various strategies for recycling have begun to be created. Some tires have been used as fuel. This is a great solution to recycle tires since they have high calorific properties and can provide the energy or paper industry with a large amount of energy to function. It is important to emphasize that this solution is viable when the furnaces of the factories are sealed; when sealed, the gases do not leave the atmosphere and in many cases all the materials of the rim are used in the process.
Another option that has begun to have relevance during the last years is to use them as rubberized asphalt. This practice began in the 70’s and over the years has made great progress in terms of installation, durability and mixing. Currently, the rubberized asphalt is a great option to recycle tires as it helps reduce the amount of waste tires when used in a product that society needs and that its production and installation requires oil and other polluting polymers. Using recycled tires to create rubberized asphalt reduces the amount of oil needed for installation, helps the road have fewer holes, and in this type of road bumps or deformations is not generated by the heat and weight of heavy trucks. In addition, it helps the traction of the cars because it prevents ponding which represent greater road safety on the highways.
In the long term the rubberized asphalt represents a great source of savings since it should not be given constant maintenance, and has greater durability than conventional ones. In addition of making asphalt, tires are very useful for construction materials for infill material. In addition, tires are also useful for the production of waterproofing, acoustic insulation, carpets, ceilings, among others. Even in the textile sector they have begun to be used as shoe soles.
Rubber still represents a great environmental problem for the planet; although it has infinite possibilities, we still have many more to discover and improve. If we continue creating social awareness about the need to recycle this type of products, while improving current uses, improving and facilitating access to products made from recycled tires we are sure that this problem will be reduced.
Each day the production and application of recycled tires in various industries is improving, in addition of having new cost benefits due to the durability and low maintenance that it represents for companies. In a few years we are sure that more people will be convinced of the use of tires in various items such as rubberized asphalt improving our environment.
At Globarket you will find products made from tires such as crumb rubber, buffings, mulch, infill material and other products of excellent quality and price. Our products are resistant and durable so you can save costs while taking care of the environment. For more information please call us at (001) 760 599 3841.